The wire must transfer electrical energy from the power source to the user. These products must perform their tasks for a long time, be reliable and prevent malfunctions. These products include cables and wires. They are used in almost any area of industry and commercial.
Wires are necessary to form a current closed circuit to prevent current loss in the circuit. People who do not understand electrical engineering will not distinguish between different types of wires, but group all types into one category.
No one in the world may know all types of wires and cables. But this is not surprising, because there are thousands of them. Of course, some of them are (large) highly specialized or outdated types and do not require full knowledge.
In principle, you only need to understand the basic principles of dividing cables and wires into different types, and be able to decrypt the markings and know when and which cable or wire to use.
This is what we will discuss in this article. Let us say right away that experienced electricians may not find new information here, and this material is for those who are not familiar with this subject.
What is Wire?
Wire – an electrical product used to provide a composite current source to the user (that is, a component of the circuit). The wire consists of a conductive core and an insulating layer.
Main characteristics of wires and cables
Wires and cables have one thing in common: their characteristics depend on the characteristics of the conductor and the characteristics of the insulation. That is, all characteristics only indicate this.
First, they are divided into single-line and multi-line. The former can also be called “monolithic”, but this name is rarely used. The main difference here is that the more wires in the conductor, the better the bend.
Care should be taken when choosing wires or cables and choosing a location suitable for the task. If you need to stretch the wire almost in a straight line, you can use a single wire, and if you bend a lot, you need to use multiple wires.
This section indicates the power of the current that can pass through the cable or wire. This indicator requires close attention. If you use a wire or cable with a smaller cross-sectional area than you need, it may cause:
- Short circuit;
- Overheating of the wire;
- Reflow of insulation;
What are the Types of Wire?
This type of Wire product uses two types of conductive cores made of aluminum or copper. You can also distinguish products by their operation in the network and in the high and low voltage network. In order to be used in AC or DC networks of 100 kW and above, products that operate in high-voltage networks should be used.
- Wire types “
- Winding wires
- Copper ( PEV , PEL )
- High resistance ( constantan , manganin , nichrome )
- Installation wires ( MGTF , MGTFE )
Purpose of the Wires
Wires are used to connect two or more devices to the grid, or to transfer energy from the power source to the user. They are very common. Today, without them, modern life cannot be imagined. Everything that surrounds us, in one way or another, depends on the energy transmitted through wires.
- provision of electronic mechanisms, power, signal networks;
- international communications are transmitted via submarine, fiber-optic cables;
- used for distribution of alternating and direct current;
- high voltage lines;
- building management.
Check out an updated list of the Top 15 Electrical Wire Companies in India (2021)
1. Polycab Wires – Electrical Wire Company
Polycab is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling high quality wires and cables and electrical goods ‘FMEG’ under the ‘POLYCAB’ brand name. Apart from wires and cables, Polycab manufacture and sell FMEG products such as electric fans, LED lighting and luminaires, switches and switchgear, solar products and conduits & accessories.
2. Havells India Ltd.
Havells India Limited is a leading fast moving electrical products company and a manufacturer of major power distribution equipment with a strong global business network.
Havells enjoys an enviable market dominance in a wide range of products, including industrial and household circuit protection equipment, cables and wires, motors, fans, household appliances, air conditioners, household, commercial, electric water heaters, power capacitors, modular switches and Industrial applications
3. Finolex Cables Ltd.
Finolex Cables Ltd is largest and leading manufacturer of electrical and telecommunications cables in India. The company began to produce PVC insulated cables for the automotive industry.
Since then, the wire company has continued to strive to expand its product range to include PVC insulated industrial cables, PVC insulated single-core and multi-core flexible industrial cables, and rat-proof multi-core flexible Industrial cables, FR-LSH PVC insulated industrial cables, XLPE 3-core flat cables, power and control cables, high-voltage power cables (up to 33 kV),
4. Sterlite Tech cables
STL is the industry’s leading digital network integrator. Sterlite Tech Cable designs and integrates these digital networks for our customers.
With the core functions of fiber optic interconnection, virtual access solutions, network software and system integration, Sterlite Tech cables is the leading end-to-end solution provider in the global digital network industry.
5. KEI Industries Ltd.
KEI was founded in 1968 as a partnership company called Krishna Electrical Industries, which is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing rubber cables for indoor wiring. Today, it has grown into an empire that provides total wire and cable solutions all over the world.
6. RR Kabel
RR Kabel is the first electrical wire company in India to have such a diversified and extensive product range. As one of the leading companies in the electrical and copper industries, RR Kabel path to success and leadership is complemented by the desire to adapt through new innovations and technologies.
V-Guard has carried out a series of transformations in terms of customer service and first-class quality processes to initiate a paradigm shift in sales and marketing, supply chain management functions, and the entire organization to better serve customers and improve customer satisfaction.
8. Syska Wires
In the past two decades, SSK Group’s pursuit of perfection has made the group a name that cannot be ignored in many vertical fields. And its is the India’s best electrical company.
9. Anchor by Panasonic
In the past five years, Panasonic Life Solutions India Pvt. Limited company (formerly known as Anchor Electricals) has successfully attracted the attention of every citizen of the country. Initially, when dealing with the market involving electrical switches or wiring equipment in a chaotic department, a humble vision of manufacturing high-quality electrical products began.
10. D’Mak Cables
D’MAK™ Group has highly qualified professionals who use the best technology. We have excellent engineers and designers who can help you personalize your project to meet your specific needs.
11. Universal Cables
Universal Cable was established in 1962 by Shri M.P. Birla, the chairman of the board at the time, had a modern factory for manufacturing paper insulated cables and its the best wire company in india. Since then, the company has achieved rapid development with a world-class reputation.
Other Electrical wire and cable company are :
- Orient electric etc.
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