National symbols of India : The present-day Republic of India has several official national symbols, including the national flag, national emblem, national anthem, national song, and several national symbols. All symbols are picked up at different times.
The design of the national flag of India was formally approved 21 days before the Constituent Assembly on July 24, 1947 independence. There are several other patriotic symbols, including national flags, national animals, national birds, national fruits, national flowers and national trees.
We carefully selected all the works to fully show the image of India. They were chosen to reflect Indian culture and beliefs, as well as the positive attributes associated with Indian traditions.
List of Official National Symbols of India
Now Check out Official National Symbols of India for General Knowledge
Here we mention National symbols of India for your general knowledge and some school work or project.
#1. National Animal – Tiger Symbolize
India’s national animal is the mighty tiger, the jaguar (Linnaeus). His fur is very red with dark stripes. The combination of elegance, agility and great power makes the tiger the national pride of India.
The Royal Bengal Tiger is one of the eight species of tigers found throughout the country, except for the Northwest Territories and neighboring countries (Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangadesh).
In order to control the decreasing number of tigers, the “Tiger Project” was organized in April 1973. As part of this project, India has established 27 tiger reserves with an area of 37,761 kilometers.
2. National Bird – Peacock Symbolize
The national bird of India is the Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus). It is a brightly colored swan-sized bird with fan-shaped feather clusters on its head. There are white spots under the eyes, and the neck is long and thin.
The male color is brighter. The chest and neck are covered with shiny blue feathers, while the magnificent tail is composed of long bronze-green feathers, about 200. Females are reddish in color, slightly smaller than males, and do not have that dense tail.
The intricate love dance of peacocks, with the males spreading their tails and brushing their feathers, is a magnificent scene. Peacocks are found throughout the Indian subcontinent: south and east of the Indus, Jammu and Kashmir, east of Assam, south of Mizoram Province, and the entire peninsula. People protect peacocks under the guidance of religious and emotional motives. Peacocks are protected by the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.
3. National Flower – Lotus Symbolize
The national flower of India is the lotus (nelumbo nucifere). This sacred flower occupies a unique position in ancient Indian art and mythology. Since ancient times, it has been regarded as a lucky symbol of Indian culture.
4. National Calendar – Shak era calendar
The national calendar is based on the Shak era calendar. The first month is chaitra, and there are 365 days in a year. (The calendar was adopted on March 22, 1957. It is the same as the Gregorian calendar. It has been officially used in government bulletins, all-India broadcast news, calendars issued by the Indian government, and government communications.
The dates of the national calendar correspond to the dates of the solar calendar: 1 chaitra landed on March 22, and a year-March 21.
5. National Song – Vande Mataram
Bokimchandra Chatterjee’s song “Vande Mataram” composed in Sanskrit inspired the Indians’ struggle for independence. Her identity is the same as Jana-gana-mana. This song was first performed at the Indian National Assembly meeting in 1896. The first stanza of the song:
- Title: Vande Mataram
- Written by: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
- Featured in: Anadamath
- Written on: November 7, 1875
- Published on: 1882
- Language: Sanskrit
Vande Maataram Lyrics – The National Song of India
sujalaam sufalaam malayaj sheetalaam
shubhrajyotsna pulakit yaaminiim
phulla kusumita drumadal shobhiniim
suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
maataram.. vande maataram
6. National Anthem – Jana-gana-mana
On January 24, 1950, the Constituent Assembly approved Rabindranath Tagore’s song “Jana-gana-mana”, which was originally written in Bengali as the national anthem.
The hymn was first sung at the Calcutta meeting of the Indian National Assembly on December 27, 1911. The whole song contains five sections. The national anthem includes the first section.
- Title: Jana Gana Mana
- Music by: Rabindranath Tagore
- Lyrics by: Rabindranath Tagore
- Raga: Alhiya Bilawal
- Written on: December 11, 1911
Jana Gana Mana – National Anthem Lyrics
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava subha name jage,
Tava subha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
7. National Emblem – Ashoka Sarnath
The National Emblem of India is a revised picture of the Lion Capital of Ashoka Sarnath.
In the original building, there are four lions standing back to back on top of the capital. The fr belt depicts an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion, separated by wheels and standing on a lotus flower.
The National Emblem of India is called the National Emblem of the Republic of India. It is an adaptation of the capital of the Ashoka Lion located in Sarnath in 250 BC and is preserved in Sarnath Museum near Varanasi. It has four lions, they face four different directions, namely north, east, south and west.
On January 26, 1950, the national emblem adopted by the Indian government showed only three lions, and the fourth was on the back of the capital. The wheel is in the center of the upper part of the capital, with the bull on the right and the horse on the left. The contours of the wheels are visible on the left and right sides. Lotus is not included in the badge.
Under the capital letters of Devanagari’s script, is the word “Satyameva Jayate” by Mundaka Upanishad, which means “only truth can prevail.”
8. National Flag – Tiranga
The flag consists of three equal horizontal stripes-saffron at the top, white in the center, and dark green at the bottom.
The length and width of the flag are 3×2.
In the center of the white stripe, there is a blue chakra symbol. It looks like the wheel on top of the Lion Capital of Sarnath in Ashoka. The diameter is approximately equal to the width of the white stripes, and the wheel has 24 spokes.
The flag was approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947. The use and display of the flag is governed by the “Indian Flag Act.”
Q. How many national symbols are there in India?
A. 8 National Symbols are there in India.
Q. What is our national symbol name?
A. The name of the national symbols are: national animal – tiger symbolizes power; national tree – banyan tree symbolizes immortality, national flower – lotus symbolizes purity; national bird – peacock symbolizes elegance, national fruit – mango symbolizes.